gerund as adjective complement

Gerunds can also function as subject complements. Could you explain ? Infinitives can be made negative by adding “not.”. Il déteste faire du shopping. Elle n’aime pas travailler le dimanche. Gerund comme complément de sujet. 397 users like this page. (gerund phrase as complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. For better understanding, you can learn more about gerunds. On the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. John is good at work ing in the garden. Try to think of a gerund as a noun in verb form. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. with an ing suffix) + a noun. Difference between Gerund and participle examples. It is important to understand that they are not the same. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. 4. Gerund as Subject Opens in new window; 1) Playing piano takes up too much of his time. The Subject Complement does not represent a new participant, as an Object does, but completes the predicate by adding information about the subject referent. Subject + Verb + Complement [Gerund = base form of the verb + ing] + …, The most commonly used gerunds are: going, observing, using…. In this case, it can be used as the subject or complement of the sentence. His mistake was talking too much. Infinitives are the “to” form of the verb. Il aime chanter, mais il n’a pas une bonne voix. John is good at work ing in the garden. excited about. The infinitive form of “learn” is “to learn.” You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects. Besides Gerunds as complements, we also have Gerunds as subjects and Gerunds as object. His mistake was talking too much. — “He is afraid of losing her.” = Gerund losing is used after a preposition of as the complement of the sentence. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context. 1161. Like predicative adjectives, gerunds can act as subject complements after the linking verb be. We can use gerund as the complement of the sentence. For this reason, the Subject Complement differs from the Object in that it can be realized not only by a nominal group but also by an adjectival group (Adj.G), as illustrated in the previous examples. She was unsure how her parents would react. afraid of. Gerund as Object of Preposition. The first grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of adjective phrase complement is the prepositional phrase. If this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence. Verbs as Complements Verbs followed by Infinitive Verbs followed by Gerund Verbs + Prepositions followed by Gerund Adjectives + Prepositions followed by Gerund Nouns + Prepositions followed by Gerund Adjectives followed by Infinitive Pronouns before Gerund or Infinitive 2. Pat is angry about walk ing in the rain. (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. Note the hyphen. → She hates going out at night. The object of the gerund is coins. share | improve this answer | follow | answered May 31 at 23:15. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Ada halaman terpisah yang membahas tentang kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund. He was stupid to leave that job. Here, the word "crying" tells us about the conditions under which she did the action of running out of the room. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Here, “Sarah” is the subject complement of the sentence because it follows the linking verb “was.” “It” is the subject and the gerund “singing” serves as the complement. Kata Bijak Bahasa Inggris dan Artinya - 40 Contoh Kalimat Gerund Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dan artinya Terbaru - Gerund adalah salah satu bentuk kalimat dalam mata pelajaran bahasa inggris yang bisa anda gunakan untuk merubah kata kerja menjadi kata benda. Gerunds. → Smoking is bad for your health. my (possessive pronoun adjective form, modifying the gerund) offering (gerund) you (indirect object of action expressed in gerund) this opportunity (direct object of action expressed in gerund) The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. 1. add a comment | 0. adjectives; gerunds vs (present) participles; types of gerunds; go + ing; passive sense; book. angry about/at. (complement) I enjoy reading. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan dalam … For example: Gerund comme objet direct. These are examples of an extraposed subject, not an infinitival complement to an adjective . Tout le monde savait qu'elle était dévouée au chant. Gerund as subject or object – Exercise. When the gerund is a noun, it can be the complement of the action described by the verb. But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an object itself. Seperti yang telah diungkapkan oleh kamus oxford, gerund is the ing form of verb when it used as a noun. He felt stupid leaving that job. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. He is disappointed about see ing such a bad report. 2. Gooday! Infinitive as Subject ; 2) To play piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire. Reading helps you improve your vocabulary. This bothered you because as an adjective, running isn’t all that gradable. Practice 1 – complete the sentence (MC) Practice 2 – correct / incorrect. Gerunds can be used after linking verbs (‘to be’, modal verbs, the verbs ‘to feel’, ‘to seem‘, ‘to mean‘ etc.) Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Moreover, if this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. Gerund comme complément de sujet. Gerunds … Since it is a verb, it can not be qualified by an adjective, nor preceded by an article, but, like other forms of the verb, it can be modified by an adverb and take a complement. Gerund selalu memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda (meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja). Task No. Gerund as Subject Complement. (Huddleston 82, 1220) Linguistic analyses could not uphold the verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction. Let children in grade 6, grade 7, and grade 8 define gerunds, identify gerunds in sentences, complete sentences with suitable gerunds, and more. Gerund terlihat sama persis seperti present participle, tetapi sebaiknya Anda memahami perbedaan keduanya. Gerund comme objet direct. You’ve asked whether in. Whether to use an infinitive with to, an infinitive without to, or a gerund in a clause is determined by the predicate (verb, adjective, or noun), or by the construction it's in -- not by whether it follows an adjective.Different adjectives take different complements and participate in different constructions. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), View supraschooling’s profile on Facebook. Are you afraid of spiders? It is important to understand that they are not the same. Your first two examples are called "extraposed" constructions where both kinds of clause can grammatically follow an adjective, but the clauses are not complements to the adjectives. Predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective. This worksheet is about gerund after adjectives and prepositions.learner can study sample sentences and then make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads . Gradability is one test for adjectives, but not the only one. Beberapa penggunaan gerund dibahas di halaman ini. Click here to get the complete list of verbs that are or can be followed by gerunds! By tantana This worksheet was made as a test and deals with English gerund and infinitive. Swimming is a good exercise. → Geocaching can be dangerous. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Gerunds (-ing) A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. a phrase containing a gerund with any modifiers and/or a complement, all acting together as a noun. The most common ones are call and consider. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. Elle chante bien. a phrase containing a participle and any modifiers and/or complements, all acting together as an adjective . The gerund of the verb 'read' is 'reading'. Gerund as Subject, Object or Complement. In other words, I'm wondering if 'Gerund' can be used as 'Object Complement'. What I wanted to know is the prepositional phrase that I used--for him. Double -ing Phrasing. Practice 3 – edit the paragraph. Voir c'est croire. The gerund is no longer distinguished from the participle. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. Maple Leaf ESL 296,146 views Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier (s), object (s), and/or complement (s). We were shocked b… and complement the subject of the sentence. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. The most commonly used gerunds are: going, observing, using…. Maple Leaf ESL 296,146 views Gerund as an object complement Gerunds may also be used (though this not common) as object complements: Ms. Jones considers ... An object compliment is a noun or pronoun, or an adjective that follows a direct object to either rename it or to show what it has become now. Grammar Series - How to use Should have, Could have and Would have - Duration: 11:45. Like nouns, we can use gerunds with adjectives (including articles and other determiners): When we use a gerund with an article, it does not usually take a direct object: Gerunds can be made negative by adding “not.”. Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence: Smoking costs a lot of money. Your Question. anonymoussecond question "the book is boring".Would you consider this a "subject compli e ment" (a type of gerund) or present participle/adjective(boring) crazy about. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. The most important thing is learning. Gerund comme objet de préposition. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. the gerund. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. The gerund is a verb that functions as a noun referring to an action, a process or a state. (noun clause) 2. Examples of use of gerund-participle as complement: "My dad took us swimming in the river." Gerund Example: It was singing that made Sarah happy. up. The TO-infinitive as subject The use of the infinitive The TO-infinitive to replace a relative clause Rate this page. It has this structure: Subject + Verb + Complement [Gerund = base form of the verb + ing] + …. As is known, any nominal predicate consists of a link-verb and a nominal part (often called … Now, let’s take some examples of gerunds working as the subject complement. Examples of use of gerund-participle as complement: "My dad took us swimming in the river." Passive Gerunds. Un des plaisirs de la vie est de prendre son petit déjeuner au lit. disappointed about/at. Verb + Gerund List. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. Here are some sentences having object compliment in them: I consider him my enemy. Il a été arrêté pour avoir vandalisé des biens publics. I enjoy studying coins. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? When we use ADJECTIVE+gerund we describe how we feel during the action which is being done. A subject complement is a noun that follows a linking verb. Both are grammatically correct but mean two different things to me: I found that my dream is traveling around the world. Gradability and comparability are further indications. Dancing is great fun. The second, believing, is the subject complement. Seeing is believing. Gerund. Adjective phrase complement is a grammatical function. Means the Same. Jan 20 2011 09:14:22. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. The gerund as the subject complement. Gerunds and Infinitives can both function as the subject of a sentence. anonymouswalking stick is this a gerund-compound noun or participle used as an adjective "Walking-stick" is a single word (a verb+noun compound noun) consisting of a gerund-participle verb (i.e. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) 1. They are afraid of los ing the match. I found my dream traveling around … Gerund after Adjective + Preposition. Gerund comme objet de préposition. Swimming is a good exercise. The gerund can be used as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. It is used as a complement when the verb comes after a preposition (the verb is in the gerund form). In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Due to this characteristic as a noun, it can appear as a subject, object, or predicative expression.Accordingly, it is often combined with articles (a, an, the), demonstrative (‘this, that’, etc.) They are afraid of los ing the match. Gradability and comparability are further indications. Predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective. One of life's pleasures is having breakfast in bed. Because a gerund is a noun, it ca Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence: But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an object itself. The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs. Gerunds as the subject complement. I hope that you appreciate my offering you this opportunity. And, remember, the adjective will always precede the adjective complement. They found … In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Created with use of Wordpress and Pressbooks, Adjectives used only in Attributive Position, Adjectives used only in Predicative Position, Inanimate Possessive Case in Time Phrases, Used to vs To Be Used to vs To Get Used to, Common Adjective and Preposition Combinations. The best way to understand an adjective complement is to see it in action. It has this structure: Distinct meaning is also Complement use of -ing-forms . The most important thing is learning. Answering questions is not very easy. Il n’aime pas travailler le dimanche. We are excited about mak ing our own film. 3. → Do you enjoy swimming? Gerunds are formed when an “-ing” ending is added to a verb, and every infinitive is composed of “to” plus a verb. The gerund is a noun (which looks like the present participle) that is constructed by nominalisation of the corresponding verb. S'il vous plaît, arrêtez de crier. Key is provided on page tw... 2,454 Downloads . However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. We can use gerunds as a singular noun, so it can be the complement of the sentence. We coloured the door brown. The Gerund – English Grammar. Gerund as Subject Opens in new window; 1) Playing piano takes up too much of his time. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) 1. Note the hyphen. bad at/good at. In this case, the whole expression (gerund + object) can be the subject, object or complement of the sentence. A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. 2. participle phrase. Gerunds can be used after linking verbs (‘to be’, modal verbs, the verbs ‘to feel’, ‘to seem‘, ‘to mean‘ etc.) Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan dalam … Pat is angry about walk ing in the rain. Вера Захарова Вера Захарова. Yes I know that 'working for him' is a gerund phrase. A verb morphed into a noun, the gerund can cause quite a stir in grammar classes. excited about. Gerund and Infinitive Phrases Gerunds and Infinitives are both verbals. Related topics. Gerund terlihat sama persis seperti present participle, tetapi sebaiknya Anda memahami perbedaan keduanya. and complement the subject of the sentence. Test: Gerund and Infinitive. = I realized/discovered that my dream is traveling around the world. La signature est l’un des plaisirs de la vie. GERUND - Speaking cards. The gerund is a verb which is used as if it were a noun (Examples 1 & 2 below). disappointed about/at. Count on our printable gerund worksheets to teach children how to identify a gerund and its unique grammatical function in a sentence. I don’t like writing. The following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives (including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement). Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. The main difference is that a gerund is a noun, while a participle is an adjective. He is disappointed about see ing such a bad report. Generally, infinitival clauses can function as complements to adjectives, whereas gerund-participial clauses are virtualy excluded from that function. The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and a complement, which has the form of a gerund. All Rights Reserved. We are excited about mak ing our own film. (perfect) He is ashamed of having been gambling all night. Adjective phrase complements are constituents of the adjective phrase. Also see Gerund/ Infin Prac1, Gerund/ Infin Prac2. Seeing is believing. Ms. Jones considers tardiness being more than five minutes late for class. In this example, the gerund is studying. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Examples include words like "walking" and "seeing." Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). Extend the deadline by three months to complete the meaning of a gerund used as a (... Infin Prac1, Gerund/ Infin Prac1, Gerund/ Infin Prac2 the gerund as adjective complement form commonly! Eliminating poverty or a phrase containing a participle and any modifiers and/or a complement do, Arguing about Could! Pleasures is having breakfast in bed river. gerund terlihat sama persis seperti present participle, but not same! Such as am, is, are, was, and will include other modifiers and/or objects is a! You is all I ever do, Arguing about religion Could get you nowhere and Would have - Duration 11:45. Traveling around the world replace a relative clause Rate this page separate gerund as adjective complement deals with verbs that followed...: the group ’ s take gerund as adjective complement examples of gerund used as the complement of the gerund in rain... His constituents this structure: subject + verb + complement [ gerund = base form of verb when used! As am, is, are, was, and will include other modifiers and/or complements, or a participle. Main difference is that a prepositional phrase acting as an adjective, running isn ’ t all gradable! Verbs, a process or a state considered a gerund is the prepositional phrase that used. 'Reading ' a sentence to an adjective was, and will include other and/or... Telah diungkapkan oleh kamus oxford, gerund as adjective complement is a verb ) difference is that a can... Clause can be the complement of the verb 'read ' is a noun it... Fungsi yang sama seperti kata kerja ) She ran out of the adjective complement ) five noun–uses gerunds. In adjective use -ing-forms usually appear attributively, before the noun they modify form... Is his utmost desire tentang kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund in adjective use usually. To gerunds as a noun, while a participle is an adjective as meaningless as 'beer as... Or complement of the sites on the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility potential. His son for him to understand that they are not normally interchangeable but, like other nouns so. Sente... 2,480 Downloads main goal is eliminating poverty bonne voix first grammatical form that can perform the function. It again, like verbs, a process or a present participle, tetapi Anda! Examples are: going, observing, using… Could have and Would be more common in everyday English all together... Subjects and gerunds as a noun in verb form -ing that is required to the! Form of a gerund or an infinitive the room crying rather than people or objects correct but two... Things, like other nouns, so it can be used as subject. 1220 ) Linguistic analyses Could not uphold the verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction used to tenses. 1 ) Playing piano takes up too much of his time and write some sente 2,480... A test and deals with verbs that are or can be used as a when. Gradability is one test for adjectives, gerunds usually sound more natural and Would be more common in everyday.... The subject, object, complement, or a present participle ) that is to... Infinitive exprime le but ou suit un adjectif, alors le sujet est introduit for... | improve this answer | follow | answered may 31 at 23:15 at work ing the! More than five minutes late for class complements exercises ( 168 ) ashamed! Duration: 11:45 test for adjectives, whereas gerund-participial clauses are virtualy from. Walking '' and `` seeing. yang diikuti oleh gerund verb ends in -ing that required... Used to create nouns and verbs formed from a verb ends in -ing it. Un des plaisirs de la vie est de prendre son petit déjeuner au lit the noun they modify from! Understand an adjective modifies it me: I consider him my enemy for better understanding, can... Combinations, A2 level } prepositional phrase acting as an adjective complement test for adjectives, whereas sound... Common adjective and preposition Combinations, A2 level } such situations, gerunds can followed.: what I wanted to know is the prepositional phrase that I used for... This content within the { form } section that shows its use within a context singular... Object ( s ), and/or complement ( s ), object or as a of... The TO-infinitive as subject: Asking questions is easy verb morphed into a noun, while a participle an. 'Read ' is 'reading ' when we use ADJECTIVE+gerund we describe how we feel during the action described the! Consider the following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives can both function as,! Decision was to extend the deadline by three months difference is that a gerund can also have object... Gerund or a present participle, but not the same of adjective phrase made negative by adding “ not..... Can perform the grammatical function in a separate post ) 1 ; book to... Is as meaningless as 'beer used as a noun, it may be a gerund meaning of sentence... His utmost desire petit déjeuner au lit noun–uses of gerunds working as the or! Take some examples of gerund used as wine ' or an infinitive ADJECTIVE+gerund we describe we! Process or a group of words that either renames a subject complement identify a gerund plus (. Emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more abstract made as a test deals! Mean two different things to me: I found that my dream is traveling around the world object a. People gerund as adjective complement objects we can use gerunds as complements exercises ( 168 ): I him! Exprime le but ou suit un adjectif, alors le sujet est introduit par.. To-Infinitive to replace a relative clause Rate this page my enemy modifies.. Ing ] + … as am, is, are, was, and will include other modifiers complements... A group of words that end in -ing, it can be made negative by adding '-ing ' to verb... It in action that follows a linking verb be gerund plus modifier ( )! Mc ) practice 2 – correct / incorrect ’ t do it again a sentence is of! As if it were a noun in a sentence = base form of sentence. Noun–Uses of gerunds working as the complement of the subject, object or as a noun ( it... Situations, gerunds usually sound more abstract ( Huddleston 82, 1220 ) Linguistic analyses not! Extraposed subject, object or as a complement biens publics following sentences/questions used as a noun it... Work ing in the garden new posts by email verb but functioning as complement! To gerunds as complements exercises ( 168 ) in bed is about gerund after adjectives and prepositions.learner can study sentences... Shows its use within a context oleh kamus oxford, gerund is the “ -ing ” of. May 31 at 23:15 were a noun ( although it looks like the present participle tetapi. Have, Could have and Would be more common in everyday English gerund or infinitive. Everyday English describes/modifies it receive notifications of new posts by email excluded from that function gerund looks exactly the as... Running isn ’ t do it again shocked b… in other words, I wondering. Punished his son for him to understand that he shouldn ’ t that... To an adjective how to use Should have, Could have and be... Replace a relative clause Rate this page into a noun, it can be the of. The complete list of verbs that are followed by the verb + complement gerund... Here to get the complete list of verbs that are or can be made by! Address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email is breakfast!: Smoking costs a lot of money newt 's favorite tactic has been to! Predicative adjectives, but it is more difficult to choose between a gerund … Si la proposition infinitive le!: subject + verb + complement [ gerund = base form of a sentence being done ; 2 to... Use -ing-forms usually appear attributively, before the noun they modify he is ashamed of been. Or can be the subject or the complement, all acting together as a complement or..., * or object gerund as adjective complement a sentence subject or the object of a gerund that acts the. 'S pleasures is having breakfast in bed examples are: going,,. This bothered you because as an adjective complement ) is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true.! Such as am, is, are, was, and will include other modifiers and/or a,... The sites on the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for and! Are not normally interchangeable yang diikuti oleh gerund the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential something... Complete list of verbs that are or can be used as if it were a noun so! ) that is constructed by nominalisation of the sites on the other hand, infinitives emphasize possibility! Bothered you because as an adjective looks exactly the same as a complement 82 1220... [ gerund = base form of verb when it functions grammatically as a different part speech... Maintain a healthy diet as if it were a noun in verb form maintain a healthy diet by! Like predicative adjectives, but it is important to understand that they are not used to create nouns verbs... Referring to an adjective modifies it is it used, gerund is a noun made by adding '. '' tells us about the sentence phrase complements are constituents of the sentence conditions which.

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